Pilot Sites - Rotterdam
There are a few big spatial developments expected in the surrounding areas of Rotterdam Airport. These involve developments on the subject of housing, commercial, mobility and water. These developments can be roughly divided in a northern and a southern part, respectively the developments:
- Polder Schieveen into ‘new’ recreational nature and business park, combined with the construction of a bypass between highway A13 and A16 between this polder and the airport.
- Park Zestienhoven into a ‘wealthy and green’ suburban living environment.
These developments explicitly focus on water, in terms of water quality and water safety. Besides this the ambition of Rotterdam is to play a role in the development and anticipation on flood-risks. With different hot-spot studies, such as the UFM-project Rotterdam, the city tries to estimate the risks of flooding and the measures it can take to reduce damage and evacuation.
In this research vital objects are mapped and looked for locations which can stay (long enough) free of flooding, so called shelters. Rotterdam Airport can be seen in this light as a vital object for evacuation, but maybe even as the first Emergency Airport in the world connected with a network of shelters! This work focuses on the spatial needs to make Rotterdam Airport an emergency airport, in conjunction with the foreseen future spatial developments in the surrounding area.
The main aspects of relevance to the FloodProBE work programme are:
Rotterdam Airport can be seen in this light as a vital object for evacuation, but maybe even as the first Emergency Airport in the world connected with a network of shelters! It focuses on the spatial needs to make Rotterdam Airport an emergency airport, in conjunction with the foreseen future spatial developments in the surrounding area.
The challenges were related to the transformation of the existing area into an ‘Emergency Airport Shelter’. In the past three years this concept has been shared with and developed by a broad group of public and private stakeholders, among them the Rotterdam-Rijnmond Safety Authority. Research has been focused to:
- further assess the physical properties of the existing elevated embankment and flood defence structures surrounding the airport area,
- based on these results, to identify the need to upgrade these structures in order to meet the (new) flood standard requirements and
- to develop preliminary design solutions to flood proofing critical buildings and infrastructure.
Objectives & Actions
The main objective to be solved within FloodProBE at REA was to research and develop the design of renovation and “flood-proofing” of existing hot-spot building in the area of REA as a part of the Rotterdam Airport shelter. The process has been divided into following steps:
- Selection of location
- Design process
As a result an evaluated design concept for a flood-proofed hospital building has been developed.
At the pilot site REA several tools useful for designers and decision makers to select and evaluate flood proofing concepts for the protection of hotspot buildings. The relevance map can be used as a first indicator on the relevance of flood proofing a particular hotspot; the selection tool gives insight which flood proofing concepts could be feasible based on information on location characteristics and hotspot characteristics; the evaluation tool provides detailed information about the costs of several possible options for flood proofing a specific hotspot. These tools can be used to quickly limit the large amount of available options for flood proofing hotspot buildings.
For further information take a look at the following link: